Cardamom of commerce is the dried ripe fruit (capsules of cardamom plant) often referred as the “Queen of
Spices” because of its very pleasant aroma and taste. Cardamom is a perennial, herbaceous, rhizomatous plant.
Based on the nature of panicles, three varieties are recognized viz. Malabar with prostrate panicle, Mysore with
erect panicle, and Vazhukka with semi erect panicle.
The major use is for the preparation of ‘gahwa’ – a strong cardamom coffee concoction which is a symbol for hospitality among Arabs. Apart from this cardamom is widely used as a flavouring material in whole and ground form. In Asia, it can add a lingering sparkle to every kind of dishes both traditional and modern.